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Revising Government Schemes For UPSC Prelims 2017

Revising Government Schemes for Prelims 2017


Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana : • Aim : is to provide comprehensive insurance coverage against crop loss. • Premium rate : 1.5%, 2% and 5% for all Rabi, Kharif and annual horticultural/commercial crops, respectively • Use of Remote Sensing Technology, Smart phones & Drones – for estimation of crop losses.

Soil Health Card Scheme - Is a report provided to all farmers which informs of the nutrient content in the soil provided every 3 years based on sharing pattern of 50: 50 centre and state.

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana - to promote organic farming Electronic National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities – funded by byAgri-Tech Infrastructure Fund (ATIF),

National Food Security Mission - to enhance the production of Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Coarse Cereals and Commercial crops ( Cotton, jute and Sugarcane).

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana - Extending the coverage of irrigation ‘Har Khet ko pani’ and improving water use efficiency ‘More crop per drop' in a focused manner with end to end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.

National Gokul Mission - to conserve the indigenous cattle breeds.

Farmers FIRST - to move beyond the production and productivity and to privilege the complex, diverse & risk prone realities of the farmers through enhancing farmers-scientists contact with multi stakeholders participation for technology development and application.

Attracting and Retaining Youth in Agriculture (ARYA) - for entrepreneurial development of Youth in Rural Areas to take up various Agriculture, allied and service sector enterprises for sustainable income and gainful employment.

Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav - Scientists of ICAR and Agricultural Universities will identify villages in the vicinity of the Institutions for providing advisories and consultations to farmers for increasing farm productivity and production.

Krishi Vigyan Kendras - Are agricultural extension centers created by ICAR to provide various types of farm support

2. Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers

Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana - to make available quality generic medicines at affordable prices to all,especially the poor, throughout the country, through outlets known as Jan Aushadhi Stores (JASs).

3. Ministry of Civil Aviation :

Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) – UDAN to facilitate regional air connectivity by making it affordable implemented by Airports Authority of India (AAI)

Civil Aviation Policy, 2016

  • first time since Independence that an integrated Civil Aviation Policy

  • India to become 3rd largest civil aviation market by 2022 from 9th ;

  • Development of green-field airports and heliports ;

  • Enhancing ease of doing business through deregulation, simplified procedures and e-governance;

  • Promoting ‘Make In India’ in Civil Aviation Sector

4. Ministry of Commerce and Industry :

e-Biz - to improve the business environment in the country by enabling fast and efficient access to Government- to-Business (G2B) services through an online portal.

Revenue Insurance Scheme for Plantation Crops (RISPC) - for protecting the growers from the risks such as yield loss, pest attacks and income decline caused by fall in prices through crop insurance mechanism, thereby stabilizing income of growers to ensure their sustainability

Niryat Bandhu Scheme - to reach out to the new and potential exporters including exporters from Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and mentor them through orientation programmes, counseling sessions, individual facilitation, etc., on various aspects of foreign trade for being able to get into international trade and boost exports from India.

Foreign Trade Policy (2015‐20) :

Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS)- to incentivize export of merchandise which is produced/ manufactured in India.

Services Exports from India Scheme (SEIS) - rewards to service providers of notified services who are providing service from India

5. Ministry of Communication and IT

Digi Locker - A secure dedicated personal electronic space for storing the documents of resident Indian citizens.

Jeevan Pramaan - To get Digital Life certificate + avail pension.

National Optical Fibre Network - to provide broadband connectivity to over two lakhs Gram Panchayats through opticalfibre network with a minimum bandwidth of 100 Mbps.


6.Ministry of Electronics and IT

Cyber Swachhta Kendra OR Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre : to create a secure cyber space by detecting botnet infections in India and to notify, enable cleaning and securing systems of end users so as to prevent further infections.

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan' (PMGDISHA) - to make 6 crore rural households digitally literate + is expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programmes in the world.

Digital India - 3 key Areas : (i) Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen (ii) Governance & Services on Demand and (iii) Digital Empowerment of Citizens

Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

National Food Security Act, 2013 - Upto 75% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population will be covered under TPDS, with uniform entitlement of 5 kg per person per month. However, since Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) –will get 35 kgs.

Prices of Food Grains under NFSA – Rs.3 per kg for rice, Rs.2 per kg for wheat and Re.1 per kg for coarsegrains.

Jago Grahak Jago -country wide multimedia awareness campaign, through the Directorate of Audio and Visual Publicity(DAVP), the Doordarshan Network (DD) and All India Radio (AIR), on various issues related to consumer rights and responsibilities across diverse subjects.

7. Ministry of Culture

Project Mausam -

  • launched in the 38th Session of World Heritage Committee meeting which was held at Doha, Qatar in June, 2014.

  • to explore the multi-faceted Indian Ocean ‘world’ – collating archaeological and historical research in order to document the diversity of cultural, commercial and religious interactions in the Indian Ocean – extending from East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the Indian Subcontinent and Sri Lanka to the Southeast Asian archipelago.

  • to be implemented by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) as the nodal agency with research support of the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) and National Museum as associate bodies.

  • is not aimed to counter China’s Silk Route strategy. Instead it focuses on monsoon patterns, cultural context, maritime trade routes and coastal landscapes and examines key processes and phenomena that link different countries along the Indian Ocean littoral as well as those that connect the coastal centers to their hinterlands.

8. Ministry of Defence

One Rank One Pension (OROP) scheme - promises equal pension to military personnel retiring in the same rank with the same length of service, regardless of the date of retirement with 2013 as the base year

Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) - to provide quality and affordable medicare to ex-servicemen and their dependents.

9. Ministry for development of North-Eastern region

North East Rural Livelihood Project (NERLP)

  • to improve livelihoods of the poor, especially that of women and the disadvantaged people in the project area.

  • central Sector scheme externally aided by World Bank and implemented in four North Eastern States namely Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura

10. Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation

Jalmani Programme - to provide value and quality addition to the ongoing Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme to mainly address the water quality in rural areas.

Swachh Bharat Kosh (SBK) - to attract Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds from Corporate Sector and contributions from individuals and philanthropists to achieve the objective of Clean India by the year 2019

Swachh Swasth Sarvatra - Joint initiative of Health + this ministry = To achieve better health outcomes through improved sanitation, increased awareness and healthy lifestyles

11. Ministry of Earth Science

Gramin Krishi Mausam Seva (GKMS) - Implemented by IMD + ICAR - in providing the crop specific advisories to the farmers at the district level twice weekly through different media like print/visual/Radio/ IT based including short message service (SMS) and Integrated Voice Response System (IVRS) for a wider dissemination.

12. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) : 8 components :

1. National Solar Mission: encourage the advancement and utilization of solar energy for power generation and other uses

2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency : escalating the energy use efficiency were anticipated to yield savings of 10,000 MW by 2012

3. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat: Extending the Energy Conservation Building Code ; Priority on urban waste management and recycling it in an effective manner; Incentives for the use of public transportation.

4. National Water Mission : With water insufficiency expected to deteriorate as a result of climate change, the plan sets a target of a 20% enhancement in water utilization efficiency by means of pricing and other relevant and pragmatic measures.

5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem : to preserve forest cover, biodiversity and other environmental assets in the Himalayan area.

6. National Mission for a Green India : The target comprises the forestry of 6 million hectares of tarnished forest lands. It also includes mounting forest cover from 23% to 33% of the country.

7. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture : to support the climate adaptation in farming through the advancement of climate-resilient crops, the extension of climate insurance mechanisms, and other farming techniques.

8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change : To achieve an enhanced perception of climate science, impacts and threats, the mission envisages an innovative Climate Science Research Fund, better climate modeling, and augmented global alliance.

13. Ministry of Finance :

Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana

will be providing refinance for lending to micro businesses/units (medium and small entrepreneurs).

· Shishu: covering loans upto Rs. 50,000/-

· Kishor: covering loans above Rs. 50,000/- and upto Rs. 5 lakh

· Tarun: covering loans above Rs. 5 lakh and upto Rs. 10 lakh

Atal Pension Yojana (APY) : For all citizens in the unorganised sector ; Fixed pension for the subscribers ranging between Rs. 1000 to Rs. 5000, if he joins and contributes between the age of 18 years and 40 years. The contribution levels would vary and would be low if subscriber joins early and increase if he joins late.

Aam Admi Bima Yojana (AABY) : Government of India Social Security Scheme administered through LIC - Death and Disability cover to persons between the age group of 18 yrs to 59 yrs.

Project Shaksham : creation of a New Indirect Tax Network (System Integration) of the Central Board of Excise and Customs.

Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana : Adminstered bto provide social security to elderly persons aged 60 years and above by giving an assured pension at a guaranteed rate of 8% per annum for 10 years.

Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) : providing accidental insurance cover for age group (18 – 70 years ) at an highly affordable premium of Rs.12 per year.

Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) : offers coverage for death due to any reason and is available to people in the age groupof 18 to 50 years ( life cover upto age 55)

Stand Up India Scheme : promote entrepreneurship among Scheduled Caste/Schedule Tribe and Women + loan 10-100 Lakhs for setting up a new enterprise in the non-farm sector

14. Ministry of Food Processing Industries Mega Food Parks - aims at providing a mechanism to link agricultural production to the market by bringing together farmers, processors and retailers + based on “Cluster” approach.

15. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan - aimed at reducing maternal and infant mortality rates through safe pregnancies and safe deliveries

MAA-Mother’s Absolute Affection - A nationwide programme launched in an attempt to bring undiluted focus on promotion of breastfeeding and provision of counselling services for supporting breastfeeding through health systems

National Health Mission - Four components namely the National Rural Health Mission, the National Urban Health Mission, Tertiary Care Programmes and Human Resources for Health and Medical Education. - National Rural Health Mission- to improve the healthcare services, particularly in rural areas. Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) - is a trained female community health activist. Selected from the community itself and accountable to it, the ASHA will be trained to work as an interface between the community and the public health system. - National Urban Health Mission - To meet health care needs of the urban population with the focus on urban poor, slum dwellers, by making available to them essential primary health care services

Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram - Improve Nutrition + Sexual and Reproductive Health + Enhance Mental Health+ Prevent Injuries and violence + substance misuse.

Universal Immunization Programme - provides life-saving vaccines to all children across the country free of cost to protect them against Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Hepatitis B, Pneumonia and Meningitis due to Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib), Measles, Rubella, Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Rotavirus diarrhoea. (Rubella, JE and Rotavirus vaccine in select states and districts) India’s UIP provide free vaccines against 11 life threatening diseases, to 26 million children annually, the largest birth cohort in the world.

Kayakalp initiative - launched in 2016 under the NHM to inculcate the practice of hygiene, sanitation, effective waste management and infection control in public health facilities.

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) - is a centrally sponsored scheme to provide health insurance to Below Poverty Line (BPL) families and 11 other defined categories of Unorganized Workers namely Building & Other Construction Workers, licensed Railway porters, Street Vendors, MGNREGA workers (who have worked for more than fifteen days during preceding financial year), Beedi workers, Domestic workers, Sanitation Workers, Mine Workers, Rickshaw pullers, Rag pickers and Auto/Taxi drivers.

eVIN (Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network) - is an indigenously developed technology system in India that digitizes vaccine stocks and monitors the temperature of the cold chain through a smartphone application - The innovative eVIN is presently being implemented called across twelve states in India. - eVIN aims to support the Government of India’s Universal Immunization Programme by providing real-time information on vaccine stocks and flows, and storage temperatures across all cold chain points in these states. - The technological innovation is implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

‘Pradhan Mantri National Dialysis Programme’ - support is being provided to all States for provision of free dialysis services for poor

Swasth Bharat Mobile Application - to empower the citizens to find reliable and relevant health information

ANM Online application (ANMOL)- ANMOL is a tablet-based application that allows ANMs to enter and updated data for beneficiaries of their jurisdiction.

National e-Health Authority (NeHA) - will be an integrated health information system. It will help avoid problems arising out of uncoordinated induction of IT systems in hospitals and public health systems.

E-RaktKosh initiative - It is an integrated Blood Bank Management Information System that has been conceptualized and developed after multiple consultations with all stakeholders. This web-based mechanism interconnects all the Blood Banks of the State into a single network.

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