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NOTES FOR MEDIEVAL INDIA | BOOK NAME : SATISH CHANDRA.
PRELIMS 2020. #READ RELEVANT
Chapter 6 : Delhi Sultanat – I (1200 -1400)
Do not read all the things in Medieval India – Glance through the basics and Keywords. One should just know the chronology of rulers and their important policies.
Muizzudin transferred the affairs in India to Qutbudding Aibak after battle of tarain. Aibak died of fall from his horse during his polo (Chaugan) play .
Succeeded by Illtusmish (1210-36) –
First concentrated in North east and then later captured Indus region.
Generous and Able ruler.
Ulama – Theologians.
Power struggle between Turkish chief called as “the forty” or Chahalgani.
Era of Balban (1246-87) :
Naib or deputy.
Chhatr – Royal insignia
He adopted the policy of “Blood and Iron”
He insisted on ceremony of sijada and Paibas (prostration and kissing the monarch’s feet)
Died at 1286.
Main architects of Delhi sultanate – esp. of its form of Government and Institutions.
The Mongols and the Problem of the North –west Frontier.
Mongol threat to India appeared in 1221 – after the defeat of Khwarizmi ruler – Jalaluddin , pursued by Changez Khan.
After death of Chagez Khan – Mongol empire was divided among his sons.
Result : Firmness and vigour of Delhi sultanate esp. Alauddin Khaliji - with war and diplomacy averted the threat of mongols.
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