November 2016 : International Current Affairs. PART - I
Patel most common Indian surname in UK: dictionary
Patel has emerged as the most common Indian surname in the UK.
HOW COMMON>Becauseover 100,000 patelbearers recorded in the 2011 census in Britain.
SAYS WHO ?‘Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland’
ABOUT PATEL :Indian surnames, Patel, was a status name from a Hindu and Parsi name for a village herdsman.
WHO FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON TOBACCO CONTROL (FCTC)
WHAT HAPPENED ?The seventh session of the Conference of the Parties (COP7) to the WHO Framework Convention on TobaccoControl (FCTC),was held in New Delhi.
WHEN ?During 7-12 November, 2016
WHO FCTC ? It was developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic.
SO WHAT > Otherwise, Tobacco will kill about 1 billion people in the 21st Century.
2016 will be hottest year on record
The year 2016 was the warmest year on record globally.
WHY DO YOU SAY THAT ?Global temperatures for January to September 2016 were 1.2 degree Centigrade above pre-industrial levels and 0.88°C above the average for the 1961-1990 reference period (baseline).
SAYS WHO ?Status of the Global Climate in 2016’ report Of World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
ABOUT WMO :191 Member States. Established in 1950, WMO became the specialised agency of the United Nations for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences.
Headquarters : Geneva, Switzerland.
The current Secretary-General is PetteriTaalas.
The current president is David Grimes.
INDIA AND FCTC :There are currently 180 Parties to the Convention. India has been the forerunner in ratification of this public health treaty and was the 7th Country to ratify the Convention in 2004. India ratified the treaty on 27th February 2005 and is therefore obligated to comply with the treaty provisions and its guidelines to reduce tobacco consumption globally.