WHAT IS UNITED NATION SECURITY COUNCIL (UNSC ) ?
Security Council is one of the six organs of UN. Out of 15 members in the Security Council, 10 members are non-permanent members, to be elected periodically, whereas China, France, Russia, U.K. and the U.S. are 5 permanent member of the Security Council which enjoys veto powers. Chapter VII of the UN charter allows the council to authorise the use of force “to maintain or restore international peace and security.”
POINT TO NOTE | India began its two-year term as a non- permanent member of the UNSC in January 2021. This is the eighth time for our country to hold a seat in the powerful horseshoe table.
OTHER PLAYERS | Along with India – Norway, Kenya, Ireland and Mexico has also joined as a non-permanent member of UNSC. India will preside over the UNSC in August 2021 and then again for a month in the year 2022. The presidency of the council is held by each member in turn for a month in English alphabetical order.
INDIA’S IDEA | India’s Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador said, “As the largest democracy, we will be promoting very fundamental values like democracy, human rights and development.
India would take up the following issues:
Technology for the people, women and youth and developmental issues.
Chapter V of the United Nation charter deals with Security Council.
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