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Lecture on Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation for UPSC Law Optional

Updated: Mar 8, 2023

This is video was taken for the students of Master Course [Live Lectures] batch under International law.


Around 12+ Previous Year Questions related to this topic have been covered as a part of our Master Course Strategy, whereby we focus on What is really relevant for UPSC Law Optional. Hate the general approach. Go for Specific-targeted approach with our course.


Topic 7 | Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation | of International law under UPSC law Optional is taken along with all previous year solved papers.

  • 2018 UPSC | Define ‘international treaty’ and explain the growing importance of treaties in Modern International Law.

  • 2020 UPSC | What are the various steps involved for concluding an international treaty and bringing it into force ?

  • UPSC 2015| Ratification.

  • UPSC 2013 | While concluding a multilateral treaty, a State can make reservation(s) and the other State(s) may accept or reject such reservation(s) without jeopardizing the object and integrity of the treaty. Discuss the need and relevance of reservations in treaty law in the light of above statement.

  • UPSC 2010 | A reservation, which purports to exclude or to modify the legal effects of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State, is accepted in practice, if it is compatible with object and purpose of the treaty. Discuss the practice of different nations and opinion of ICJ regarding admissibility of reservations to the conventions.

  • UPSC 2003 | The principle ‘Pacta sunt servanda’ has long been recognized as a fundamental principle of international Law, which makes the treaty binding upon the parties to it, and must be performed by them in good faith (Vienna Convention). Explain.

  • UPSC 2022 |Explain the maxim "Pacta Tertiis Nec Nocent Nec Prosunt" with relevant case Laws. (15m).

  • UPSC 2017 | Discuss the provisions relating to amendment and modification of treaties under the Vienna Convention on Law of Treaties, 1969.

  • A treaty is void if it conflicts with an existing or new or emerging peremptory norm of international Law or ‘jus cogens’ at the time of its inclusion. Comment. UPSC 2016. UPSC 2007. UPSC 2005.

  • UPSC 2018| Can a multilateral treaty be terminated? If so, on what grounds? Explain.







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