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Unfolding UPJS [Uttar Pradesh Judiciary] : How to cover Jurisprudence

Updated: Jan 7, 2023

Uttar pradesh Judicial Service comprise of Two Papers (GK + LAW) in the Preliminary Examination. In the Law Paper, Jurisprudence subject finds its place.

To understand how to cover Jurisprudence, a voluminous subject, first, we need to analyze Previous Year Questions Papers.


From what we understood :

1. Questions on Definition of who said What is MORE IMPORTANT.

Example 2013 UPJS Exam : Who said that "law is not to be deduced from the rule but the rule from the law" ?

(a) Paulus (b) Gray (c) Ulpian (d) Salmond


2. Question on Classification/Elements of a CONCEPT is second-most IMPORTANT.

Example : 2013/18 UPJS Exam : Which one of the following is not an essential element of custom ?

(a) Antiquity (b) Certainty (c) Peaceful enjoyment (d) Inconsistency


3. Books of the Jurists.

Example : 2018 UPJS : Who is the author of the book "Taking Rights Seriously"?(A) Dworkin (B) Hart (C) Kelsen (D) None of the above


Second, How can i prepare myself for these types of Questions.

  • You have to prepare the Jurisprudence from any standard books (or from our notes/summaries easily)

  • Most Important topics to be covered would be

1) Definition of Jurisprudence - Click here to read our summary

2) Schools of Jurisprudence - Click here to read our summary

3) Definition of Law & Kinds

4) Definition of State & Sovereignty

5) Legal Rights & Duties including Theories

6) Ownership and Possession.

7) Custom, Precedent, Legislation -[Go through elements/classification alone]

8) Theories of Punishment.


These topics are most important ones to be prepared for UPJS Jurisprudence Subject.




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2013 UPJS Questions

Who said that "law is not to be deduced from the rule but the rule from the law" ?

(a) Paulus (b) Gray (c) Ulpian (d) Salmond


"The only right which any man can possess is the right always to do his duty", says:

(a) Ihering b) Ehrlich (c) Roscoe Pound (d) Duguit


Point out best response: According to Austin, law has the following attributes: (a) Command, sovereign and

enforceability (b) Command, sovereign and sanction (c) Command, sovereign and legal remedy (d) Command, sovereign and obedience by subject


Which one of the following jurists belongs to ancient theories of natural law?

(a) Acquinas (b) Grotius (c) Kohler (d) Socrates


Which one of the following is not an essential element of custom ?

(a) Antiquity (b) Certainty (c) Peaceful enjoyment (d) Inconsistency


Give correct response has binding force.

(a) The obiter dictum

(b) Ratio decidendi has binding force.

(c) Ratio decidendi and obiter dictum both have binding force

(d) Neither ratio decidendi nor obiter dictum has binding force.


Explanation : Ratio decidendi means 'Reason of the Decision' and has binding force. Whereas 'obiter dictum' means judgement on irrelevant issue and has no biding force.


Which one of the following is not a safeguard against delegated legislation ?

(a) Parliamentary control

(b) Judicial control

(c) Publication

(d) Public control



2015 Questions

Austin's book "The Province of Jurisprudence Determind" is

(a) his autobiography.

(b) the lectures delivered in the London University.

(c) an answer to an essay by Gray on Parliamentary Government.

(d) None of the above.


"Law is found not made" concept of law belongs to

(a) Sociological school

(b) Analytical school

(c) Historical school

(d) Philosophical school


"Jurisprudence is the scientific synthesis of essential principles of law" has been said by

(a) Allen

(b) Halland

(c) Bentham

(d) Austin

Ans.(a)


"Jurisprudence is the philosophical aspect of the knowledge of law" has been said by

(a) Salmond

(b) Dias

(c) Cicero

(d) Paton


"Jurisprudence is the knowledge of things, human and devine; the science of just and unjust." has

been said by

(a) Keeton (b) Ulpian

(c) Julius stone (d) Austin


46."Law grows with the nation, increases with it, and

dies with its dissolution and it is a characteristic

of it." It is said by

(a) Salmond

(b) Savigny

(c) Henry Maine

(d)Buckland


"The theory of social solidarity" has been propounded by (a) Duguit (b)Comte (c) Lloyed (d) Ihering


2016 Question

Which one of the following is not an essential element of a valid custom?

(A) Antiquity

(B) Continuity

(C) Uncertainty

(D) Peaceful enjoyment


"Interpretation is that process by which the courts seek to ascertain the meaning of law through medium of authoritative forums in which it is expressed."

This statement is of

(A) Maxwell

(B) G.P. Singh

(C) Salmond

(D) Craise


Which one of the following jurists emphasised that "we cannot understand

a thing, unless we know what it does"?

(A) Roscoe Pound (B) Salmond

(C) Austin (D) Kelsen


Which one of the following theories of punishment implies that a crime is a disease and the object should be to cure the disease? (A) Preventive Theory (B) Deterrent Theory (C) Reformative Theory (D) Retributive Theory


2018 Question

Who is the author of the book "Taking

Rights Seriously"?

(A) Dworkin

(B) Hart

(C) Kelsen

(D) None of the above


"Some shared morality is essential to the existence of any society" is the assertion of (A) Julius Stone (B) Fuller' (C) Hart (C) Kelsen (D) Justice Krishna Iyer


"The search' for natural law will continue as long as there perceived to be injustice in the world" is the statement of:

(A) Hobbes

(B) Justice Holmes

(C) Lord Lloyd of Hampstead

(D) Rousseau




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