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UPSC PRELIMS 2018 DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS | 24/1/2018


READ YOU CA IN FEW MINUTES

CURRENT AFFAIRS 1 : THE SCHOLARSHIP THE SCHEME NAME : The INSPIRE (Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research) Faculty scheme

MANAGED BY : The Centre’s Department of Science and Technology (DST) to help young, talented scientists

WHAT IT DOES ? It selects promising research scholars under 32 and offers them a salary of Rs. 80,000 a month as well as an annual research grant worth Rs. 7 lakh to work at a university of their choice for five years.

THE ISSUE : It is drawing flak with complaints of harassment, tardy fund disbursal and concerns that the scheme hasn’t catalysed enough jobs.

CURRENT AFFAIRS 2 : ASEAN AND NOBEL PRIZE

NEWS : Kishore Mahbubani ( Singapore’s best known diplomat ) advocates a Nobel Peace Prize for ASEAN in his latest book, The ASEAN miracle .

WHY ADVOCATED SO ? ASEAN is meeting this January . -25th year commemorative summit. You have recommended the Nobel Peace Prize for ASEAN.

ASEAN’s ACHIEVEMENT : There is no other region on Planet Earth that is so diverse as the ASEAN region. When it was born in 1967, Southeast Asia was also by far the most troubled place on earth. If ASEAN could achieve this level of prosperity in South Asia, with India and Pakistan’s problems, or in the Middle East with the Saudi Arabia-Iran rivalry

CURRENT AFFAIRS 3 : RATION FOR ARMY OFFICERS

Seventh Pay Commission (SPC) order : This provided for cash instead of rations for some officers.

BUT LATEST ORDER : Army officers posted at peace stations in Counter Insurgency (CI) areas will now get daily rations. The latest order reverses the earlier one.

CURRENT AFFAIRS 4 : THE ROAD SAFETY BILL :The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2017, will rectify systemic issues

The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in 2017. If passed by the Rajya Sabha, it will be the first of its kind to extensively reform existing legislation on road safety, the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.

KEY HIGHLIGHTS :

  • uniform driver licensing system,

  • protection of children and vulnerable road users,

  • rationalising penalties, and much more.

  • The Bill addresses each of these challenges by introducing technology in the licensing procedure.

  • A digitised, uniform and centralised driver licensing system will go a long way in ensuring ease of access, efficiency and transparency in the filtering process.

  • The Bill also proposes to introduce digitisation in the monitoring and enforcement of traffic laws.

  • Electronic monitoring and enforcement can already be seen in practice in Kerala. The State has a ‘city surveillance and traffic monitoring system’, and automated traffic enforcement systems to detect traffic light violations as well as speeding.

  • The enactment of the Bill will facilitate the replication and creation of such digitised systems for all other States.


WHO REMARKS : The World Health Organisation (WHO) points out that for effective road safety management, it is imperative to have an institutionalised and sustainable data system.

WHAT THIS MANAGEMENT INCLUDES ? This includes maintaining information pertaining to drivers, such as types of licences held and a record of violation of traffic laws.

FACT FOR PRELIMS : Mr. Modi, who became the first Indian Prime Minister to address the World Economic Forum’s annual summit here in two decades

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