UPSC PRELIMS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS 2018/2019 | Dated : 11/04/2018 | Wednesday | The Hindu broken up


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FRONT PAGE


‘MAKE AMARAVATI YOUR SECOND HOME’: YOUR INNOVATIVE IDEAS FOR BETTERMENT OF PEOPLE’S LOT WELCOME, CM TELLS EXPERTS


WHAT HAPPENED ? Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu called upon the foreign delegates at the Happy Cities Summit: Amaravati 2018 to contribute to the global community.

HOW ? By making Amaravati their second home for happiness, innovation and creativity.


WHO WERE THE DELEGATES ? Experts from 15 countries : More than 80 delegates from Finland, the U.K., Singapore, Japan, the UAE, Costa Rica, Colombia, Bhutan, Israel, Spain, the U.S. and others were taking part in the Summit.

EXAMPLE : Colombia’s Medellin city former Mayor once known for homicides, had a great transformation over decades and was one of the happiest cities now.

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MAKING THE DRIVER’S SEAT A SAFE PLACE- DEVICE DEVELOPED BY CITY ENGINEER SENDS ALERTS ON ALCOHOL LEVEL OF THE DRIVER


WHO DIS THIS WORK ? Ram Nadh Mandali, a city-based engineer .

WHAT HE DID ? He has taken the concept of breathalysers to a higher level.

HOW ? He wants to convert the seat of any four-wheeler into one unified system that estimates how much alcohol has been consumed by the driver.


THEN ? Sends alerts to either the owner of the vehicle or the authorities concerned.


HOW THE CONDITION OF THE DRIVER IS STUDIED ?

  • The seat belt will have sensor that will monitor the driver’s heart beat,

  • the seat will have a load sensor, the accelerator, clutch and break pedals will have a sensor that will monitor erratic changes in speed,

  • a body motion sensor will track the posture and

  • finally an alcohol sensor near the face will also gather data

THIRD-GENERATION EVMS IN SOME SEGMENTS

NEWS : For the first time in the country, the Karnataka polls will feature the third-generation electronic voting machines (EVMs).


EXACTLY WHERE IN KARNATAKA ? It which will be deployed in select constituencies in Bengaluru.


WHAT ARE THESE 3rd GENERATION EVMs ? The ‘M3’ or third generation machines that are equipped with the tamper-proof mechanism of halting all operations upon being fiddled with.


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NATIONAL PAGE


DAMASCUS INVITES OPCW TO DOUMA FOR PROBE


NEWS : Syria’s government has invited the global chemical watchdog, to visit Douma.


WHY ? an alleged toxic gas attack killed dozens at the recently.


WHAT IS THE ORGANIZATION INVOLVED ? The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.

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OPINION


A REGISTER BY THE PEOPLE: THE DRAFT NATIONAL FOREST POLICY IDENTIFIES THREATS TO FORESTS, BUT DOES NOT PROVIDE SYSTEMS FOR PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT


POINT TO NOTE : India recorded a marginal increase in forest cover.

WHO SAID THESE ? The India State of Forest Report 2017.

THE MOVE : The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change released a draft National Forest Policy, 2018.


HIGHLIGHTS : It for increasing forest cover, involving communities in forest management, and creating plantations for industrial use.


QUESTION TO FOCUS ? Before formulating such a policy, a question that needs to be asked is, how much forest cover does India actually have?


WHAT STATE SAYS : The State of Forest Report says that forest cover had increased in India by 0.21% in 2017 from 2015, and that some areas had become ‘Very Dense Forest’ in this period.


THE PARADOX : At the same time, the Ministry itself admits that between 2014 and 2017, India lost, or legally diverted, 36,575 hectares of forest area towards 1,419 development projects.


RESULT : So, two things are clear: even if forest cover is being increased, it is also simultaneously being lost, and new forest may also be subsequently lost.


REQUIREMENT OF THE HOUR : The point is that there is a need to create mechanisms to calculate our actual forest cover and natural wealth, and this should form the basis for a forest policy.


HOW WE CAN ACHIEVE THIS ? For this, we need a more rigorous integration of the forest policy with other existing environmental legislation and policy. This, in turn, will help decentralise information on forests.


WHAT ARE THE EXISTING LAWS THAT HELP US ? The Biological Diversity Act, 2002, calls for setting up a Biodiversity Management Committee in each local body.


USE ? The Committee will prepare People’s Biodiversity Registers (PRBs)- The Registers entail a complete documentation of biodiversity in the area — plants, food sources, wildlife, medicinal sources, etc.


WAY FORWARD: Working Plan/Management Plan and also by ensuring community participation in forest management


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