UPSC PRELIMS NCERT SERIES | The UPSC Fundamentals - LAWXPERTSMV INDIA

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BOOK NAME | LAXMIKANTH : SUBJECT : INDIAN POLITY


UNION TERRITORIES AND SPECIAL AREAS


Chapter 36 : Union Territories


States – units of federal system of India and enjoys powers with centre ; whereas UT are under direct control of Centre.


CREATION OF UNION TERRITORIES :


Scheduled districts in 1874 à “chief commissioners provinces” -- > Part C and Part D states (after independence) --- > “UTs under 7th constitutional Amendment + States reorganisation act (1956).


  • · Gradually these UTs have been elevated to statehood Example : Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Goa.


WHY UTs?


1. Political and administrative consideration—Delhi and Chandigarh.

2. Cultural distinctiveness—Puducherry, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu.

3. Strategic importance—Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep.

4. Special treatment and care of the backward and tribal people—Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh which later became states.


ADMINISTRATION OF UNION TERRITORIES : Articles 239 to 241 in Part VIII of the Constitution deal with the union territories


  • · Every UTs has its administrator, who is not an head of the state, rather an agent appointed by President. (Designations : Lieutenant Governor or Chief Commissioner or Administrator )

  • · Even Governor, of adjacent states, can be appointed this post.



  • · The Union Territories of Puducherry (in 1963) and Delhi (in 1992) are provided with a legislative assemblyand a council of ministers headed by a chief minister. However Parliament is still supreme, since it can laws for these UTs in any 3 lists + can establish HC.


SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR DELHI :


69TH constitutional Amendment : special status to UT of Delhi as NCT with Lieutenant Governor. It created a legislative assembly and a council of ministers replacing metropolitan council and an executive council.


  • · Members to assembly can be directly elected .

  • · Except for public order, police and land of state list , it can make laws under state and concurrent list.

  • · Strength of Council of Ministers should not exceed 10% of total strength of the assembly.

  • · President rule can be …………….


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