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NOTES FOR MEDIEVAL INDIA | BOOK NAME : SATISH CHANDRA.


PRELIMS 2020. #READ RELEVANT


Chapter 8 : Government and Economic and Social Life during Delhi Sultanate


1. The Sultan :

  • Most powerful office – with political, military, legal authority vested in him.

  • Responsible for safety and security of the state and law and justice.

  • Dispensation of Justice- most important function even to exempted religious classes (ulama)

  • Rule of succession to throne.

2. Central Administration : Page 96 :

  • Wazir – Military leaders + revenue experts.

  • Diwani-i-arz or Military department. Head of this department : Ariz-i-mamalik – did not command the army , rather his work was to recruit, equip and pay the army.

  • Dagh- Branding system

  • Diwan-i-risalat - Religious matters, pious foundations and stipends to deserving scholars and men of piety. Presided by chief Sadr / chief qazi – head of the Dept. of Justice.

Page 98 :

  • Diwan-i- insha - dealt with state correspondence.

  • Noble who enjoyed fullest confidence of the ruler – Barids.

  • Karkahanas or Departments.

  • Household Activities – incharge - Wakil-i-dar

3. Local Administration : Page 98 :

  • Tracts of Land divided in the country - iqtas – held by officers – Muqtis / Walis.

  • Village grouping (84/100) – called chaurasi on the basis ofparagana - headed by Amil

  • Khuti – Landowners

  • Muqqaddam – Headmen

  • Patwari - Village accountant

……………………..


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