UPSC Prelims 2019 daily current affairs - THE HINDU broken into 4 liners | 26- 10-2018 | FRIDAY



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India set to be third largest aviation market


WHAT’S IN THE NEWS? India will be the third largest aviation market globally a year sooner than was earlier predicted.

NOW !!! It is now expected to be among the top three countries by 2024 from its current seventh position, according to global aviation body IATA.


WHO IS IATA ? The International Air Transport Association (IATA)

AS PER REPORT: By 2037, India is expected to add 414 million passengers to its existing 572 million passengers, the report added.

REASONS : Firstly!! we are seeing a geographical reshuffling of world air traffic to the East.

Secondly!! We foresee a significant negative impact on the growth and benefits of aviation if tough and restrictive protectionist measures are implemented.

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Govt. notifies rules on granting citizenship


WHAT’S IN THE NEWS? The Union Home Ministry has empowered the Collectors in seven States to accept online applications to grant citizenship.

TO WHOM ? To “persecuted minorities” from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh living in India.


EXAMINATION OF CITIZENSHIP BILL: In 2016 Citizenship (Amendment) Bill was examined by parliamentary committee, to grant citizenship to six persecuted minorities.

WHO WERE THEY ? Six persecuted minorities: Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians and Buddhists who came to India from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh before 2014.


As the Bill is pending, the Home Ministry gave powers to the Collectors in the following states : Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi

For what purpose the power has been given? To grant citizenship and naturalisation certificates to the non-Muslim migrants from these countries .


RELEVANT LEGAL PROVISION : Under Sections 5 and 6 of the Citizenship Act, 1955.

POINT TO NOTE : No such power has been delegated to Assam officials.

THE GRANT PROCEDURE ? Citizenship is granted after the verification reports are received from the States and the Centre.

Centre eyes early hearing on quotas

WHAT’S IN THE NEWS ? The Ministry of Human Resource Development is awaiting an early hearing of the special leave petition on enforcing the SC/ST recruitment reservation roster at the university rather than in the departments.


THE SUGGESTION : The Law Ministry asked if the anomaly of the SC/ST quota at all levels — from assistant professor to professor — can be addressed by extending the OBC quota to all levels from the entry level.


However!! The government wants to restore the pre-existing reservation roster with the university, rather than the department, as a unit.

Centre launches two schemes to promote higher education research

WHAT’S IN THE NEWS ? Centre’s push to promote higher education


WHAT ARE THE TWO SCHEMES?

IMPRESS- Dealing with social science research projects and coordinated by the ICSSR.

SPARC- Foreign collaboration mainly in science research, coordinated by IIT Kharagpur.

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Ethiopia appoints its first woman President

WHAT’S IN THE NEWS ? Ethiopia appointed a woman as President for the first time.

WHO WAS SHE ? Lawmakers picked career diplomat Sahle-Work Zewde to replace Mulatu Teshome, who resigned in unclear circumstances.

OPINION PAGE:


Burma Co-operative Conference.

WHAT’S IN THE NEWS ? The first Urban Co-operative Conference was held in Rangoon.


Points emphasised : The difficulties and opportunities of co-operative work in towns, the finance of the societies, condition on which loans were advanced to traders and craftsmen.

IT INDICATES : Connection between educated Burmans of the future and all movements for the development and prosperity of the province.







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